In respiration energy is released from sugars when electrons associated with hydrogen are transported to oxygen the electron acceptorand water is formed as a byproduct. The mitochondria use the energy released in this oxidation in order to synthesize ATP.
In photosynthesis, the electron flow is reversed, the water is split not formedand the electrons are transferred from the water to CO2 and in the process the energy is used to reduce the CO2 into sugar.
In respiration the energy yield is kcal per mole of glucose oxidized to CO2, while photosynthesis requires kcal of energy to boost the electrons from the water to their high-energy perches in the reduced sugar -- light provides this energy.
The 12 hydrogen atoms in the glucose make it possible for form 6 water molecules. This continued use of pyruvic acid during fermentation permits glycolysis to continue with its associated production of ATP.
In eukaryotic cells, cellular respiration begins with the products of glycolysis being transported into the mitochondria. The process will produce 38 ATP molecules for every one glucose in Prokaryotes bacteria. To balance the oxygen atoms for the reactant side, you need to count 6 atoms from the glucose.
The process of cellular respiration involves many different steps reactions to break down glucose using oxygen to produce carbon dioxide, water and energy in the form of ATP. Glycolysis occurs in the cytoplasm of cells, not in organelles, and occurs in all kinds of living organisms. CO2 and H2O are end products of these reactions.
Prokaryote cells use glycolysis and the first living cells most likely used glycolysis. The process takes place more quickly in warm conditions because of greater movement of particles. Glycolysis can occur in either the absence or the presence of oxygen.
In addition to the energy released, the products of the reaction are carbon dioxide and water. This video gives a more detailed discussion of the topic of cellular respiration. It is important to know that the equation listed above is a summary equation.
The 6 carbon atoms present in a glucose molecule make it possible to form 6 carbon dioxide molecules. This video gives a quick review of respiration and discusses a lab which tests how temperature can alter the rate of respiration in yeast.
The reason why eukaryotes produce the smaller amount of ATP is that they need to use energy to move the pyruvate from glycolysis needed for the Krebs cycle into the mitochondria. The theoretical maximum yield of cellular respiration is 36 ATP per molecule of glucose metabolized. Respiration is the opposite of photosynthesis, and is described by the equation: A series of metabolic pathways the Krebs cycle and others in the mitochondria result in the further breaking of chemical bonds and the liberation of ATP.
During fermentation, the pyruvic acid produced during glycolysis is converted to either ethanol or lactic acid. Respiration is the general process by which organisms oxidize organic molecules e.) Write and label equations for cellular respiration and phorosynthesis below.
Circle the carbon dioxide in each, If you need help, see Model I. Photosynthesis:+ GHZO + energy —> CGHQOE + 6Q2 Respiration: CGHUOG + 9+ 6H20 + energy When matter from plants and animals decay (rot), microorganisms responsible for the %(9). CELL/ PHOTOSYNTHESIS/ CELLULAR RESPIRATION Test ANSWER POINTS ANY WAY IN WHICH YOU WANT Completion:.
Start studying Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Study Guide. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. What is the equation for photosynthesis in words? Update Cancel. Inverse of cellular respiration What are the equations for photosynthesis and respiration?
What are word equations? Who can write an equation representing photosynthesis? Why is there photosynthesis? • Cellular Respiration Equation (Products and Reactants) • Under what circumstances does a cell undergo Cellular Respiration?
When oxygen is present PHOTOSYNTHESIS vs.
RESPIRATION Compare and Contrast: Draw the organelle responsible for each. Label the major parts, show.
Study 21 Photosynthesis and respiration flashcards from Kira F. on StudyBlue. The products in photosynthesis are the reactants in cellular respiration, and vice versa. Write and label equations for cellular respiration and photosynthesis below.
Circle the carbon dioxide in each.Download